An introvert that I am, working alone sometimes is more beneficial to me than in a group. It is better for a person to work alone for a task that require high concentration and focus. The social support can be understood in a variety of ways like, assistance or exchanging resources. They communicate well with others and thrive in active, high-energy workplace. Teachers should spend time … As a team keeps on interacting more and more they tend to be more cohesive and enjoy the success of one another which leads to a greater satisfaction and team success. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. When I was working with a student by himself, I was given the opportunity to address everything that was going on with that student in his reading. Humans are, by nature, incredibly social creatures. Teamwork vs. In a group situation, you can attempt tasks that could not be accomplished by an individual, combining a variety of skills and expertise to tackle more complex and larger scale problems. On their own little work areas. First we will try to understand the dynamics of working in a group vis a vis individual, then understand the various issues involved in working as a part of the group. The idea here will be to study the pros and cons with relation to the particular individual and not to the group of which he is a part. Almost everyone has had some experience with this work setup, especially in a first job. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Study for free with our range of university lectures! On the other hand high cohesiveness in groups at times may lead to detrimental effects also if the goals of the group are misalign with the organisational goals. However when the same job is performed by a team, there is an advantage of job sharing, and the same job can be assigned to members of the team, where in the job is completed at a much faster pace. 1st Jun 2017 After having seen the dynamics of group, we will now understand the issues on which we are going to make a critical analysis of the pros and cons of group work. It makes sense for this kind of preparation to be undertaken before the session, but there may also be times within a seminar when it is helpful to give students an opportunity to work alone. The social groups influenced by the peers include formal groups like political party, trade union or informal groups like a social clique. Light was one such factor on which the effects were studied, to see if the workers would become more productive in higher or lower levels of light. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Some people prefer to work individually and others in teams. You rely on your team members to help you solve problems, answer questions, and increase your work efficiency. Summary … Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing. With our partners, the project can be finished quicker. One classic theory developed by George Homans (1961), states that all groups are basically functioning of their activities, interactions and sentiments. When there is a need to do a big job, it would take a lot of time in finishing it, if everything has to be done by ourselves. As I am an introverted person, I didn’t find much joy doing job in a group. In a recent study, groups were able to answer a question correctly 28% of the time whereas individual members working alone could only answer correctly 4% of the time when the answer to the question was not known by any of the members (Stasson and Bradshaw 304). Hawthorne Works had commissioned a study to observe the efficiency of the workers under various stimuli both external and internal, which included physical working environment and also the group structures. Coming to the main issue of whether or not working in the group is going to be beneficial or not to us will be depending largely on the group structure, which is nothing but the relationships among the members that help and hold the group together in achieving the assigned goals. Given that you have all the knowledge of above things, we would be able to make a decision which one works better for based on the situation. When in a group different people with different ideas come together and more creative and innovative ideas are generated, which will help us in enriching our knowledge and may be use them for our future endeavors. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. It really depends on how functional the team is whether team work is better than individual work. If you like to work as a team, you love teamwork. Remember last time when you had to do a project, how did you go about doing it? Ensure group work is divided fairly and evenly. The Effectiveness of Work Group and Individual Use of Monolingual Dictionary in Class - Term Paper Example. There are numerous benefits of working as a part of a team, some of them can be stated as below. We were a group of 4 individuals working on this project and we have assigned different tasks to each person of the group. This is because group work can cause a lot of unnecessary interruptions by your team members. So what is a group, it may be defined as a collection of several people who come together to do a particular task or goal. Reference this. A conflict when used and controlled in the right way will be helping a great deal in increasing the productivity of the group. Dependent-level work groups are the traditional work unit or department groups with a supervisor who plays a strong role as the boss. Faculty can often assign more complex, authentic problems to groups of students than they could to individuals. Even though these are predetermined, some times new kind of roles also emerge in between and then it needs to be created and assigned to the already existing roles of the members. Both have advantages and disadvantages. This Hawthorne effect is a form of reactivity where in subjects improve an aspect of their behavior by being experimentally measured simply in response to the fact that they are being studied and part of social investigation, not in response to any particular experimental manipulation. On the other hand, when not handled properly a conflict can have spiraling effect and can bring down an individual dignity and collapse the whole group (Managing Conflict within or between Groups, Australia). The functioning of the work group is that it discusses, decides and delegates. In any organization groups are very common entity and hence their dynamics and deep understanding of the group is important in organisational behavior (Kirschner 2009). Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Say a big math problem with lots of different steps; or a scene in Ulysses that could be interpreted in three or 300 different ways; or you're doing a unit on Ancient Egyptand you need your students to combine their knowledge of history with an ability to an… Individual Responsibility Naif M. Algashaam . One is the loneliest number…but we're still going to talk group work first. Individual learning lets students work at their own pace, which has positives and negatives. Individual performance depends on the actions of others in the group. By normal conviction, the more difficult to be a group member, the more cohesive that group is considered to be. Having studied the various theoretical aspects on which we are going to critically analyze the advantages and disadvantages, we will now enlist the various experiences both personal and compiled from others. If students are given time to prepare an answer rather than being obliged to provide immediate responses, they are more likely to produce a con… So when we are in a team we can make use of the pool of skills from the group for implementing the job more easily. When asked about teamwork vs individual work, cite the job description as part of your answer. VAT Registration No: 842417633. We would also see as to how those issues will be influencing the person, be it in the positive side or being a hindrance and also support the argument by stating prior personal experiences. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Group work can be hard to assess, particularly if there is no acknowledgement of differences in individual contributions. The basic reason behind the creation of these norms is to facilitate the group survival, and to make the group behavior more predictable and organized. This would also help persons in finding out if they really belong to the group, which would lead to adverse affects of the group’s behavior (Steinberg 2007). So, this also forms one of the advantages of group testing. The level of performance of a team is greater than the sum of individual … The worst thing is that the people who are not of a leader type they may be pushed aside by the other members of the team. Assessment of group work is inherently challenging Problems associated with group work assessment are also widely reported.1-5 The most commonly reported problems are the lack of fairness in assessing individual contributions to the group product;2-4 weighting of group process vs. group … But some thing that comes to mind at the beginning is either individually or in a group. Although working alone has a whole lot of benefits, teamwork is proved to be the absolute winner. If the team members get along and work together, … Though I prefer to work independently, if my job or situation needs me to be part of a group, I am always up for it and willing to be a great team player to contribute to the team success. This basically is all about knowing that we are all a part of the larger community of people, who care and think for us and are concerned about our well being. Every body is born with a different skill sets, knowledge and personal attributes. Basically there are three different types of conflicts existing, like go- go situation, where you want to do both the actions, where as you will have a chance to make only one selection. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. From my experiences of working individually and also in a group, working individual always gave me success and the ability and knowledge to learn new things. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. No individual is born with all the skills required for doing every thing. And the group dynamics refer to the characteristic of a group behavior and attitude. In case of formal groups the roles and functions of the group members are all assigned as per pre-plan, in which each role will have specific duties and responsibilities to perform. And these new roles often will be replacing the existing roles of the members who will be starting to be more assertive and start expressing themselves (Schwarzer 2007). Most kids can agree that working in a group is better than working individually, but that might be the problem. It is usually a dichotomy of actions for a goal to be achieved. But at the end of the day we kept our difference away and worked as a team to finish the project successfully. These issues are like Social support, group norms, peer pressure and conflicts. Others may not finish in class and plan to finish at home (which may or may not happen). Group work can be a good idea when you want to get your students to think harder and dig deeper, and when some variety in skill levels and ways of thinking about things can be a benefit to all. A Conflict is a perceived difference of opinion or action of course on any issue. Where as the informal groups are formed by association of members based on their own interest or social activities. The debate over the strength of teamwork vs individual work is ongoing in the business world. The basic purpose of a work team is collective performance. A group can be of any size ranging from two persons to a collection of large people, however small groups of size 2 to 10 are considered more efficient in their job performance as it allows active and positive interactions between the groups and also has least chance of negative synergy. Teachers’ prep time differs in collaborative and individual activities, as does the time students invest. The cohesiveness in work groups has many positives, like increases worker satisfaction, low turnover and absenteeism, thus leading to higher productivity (Argyle 1989). You share struggles and successes with your peers – and … Leaders would be concentrating on achieving the goal and won’t care about helping other team members and socializing with them and won’t become a good team. group work purpose of assisting "task-oriented groups"?as differentiated from "growth-oriented groups"?toward so-cial betterment through social action.7 Each method of practice seeks, in this view, to maximize the capacity of either the individual, the group, or society. Excessive amounts of group work when compared with individual work in single course or programme leading to an inappropriate balance in assessment. And the critical part of this support is that unless the receiver of the support views it a support, the communicative experience or message extended to him would not be considered as support. The question of which one has more advantages is only of academic interest as ultimately, the result depends on what is best suited of the type and nature of the job and the individual personality and level of skill required along with all other constraints like time, money and resources available at your hand. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Group work also introduces more unpredictability in teaching, since groups may approach tasks and solve problems in … Again, this was surprising and unexpected. For teachers, pair work and group work can be excellent tools to promote student interaction; individual work, on the other hand is easier to assess and often appeals to students with intrapersonal intelligences. The term was coined by Henry A. Landsberger (1955) while he was analyzing older experiments from 1924-1932 at the Hawthorne Works (A Western Electric factory outside Chicago). You can view samples of our professional work here. Organizations need to facilitate effective team work in order to increase productivity, get innovative ideas, gain new strengths and skills and establish strong bonds between employees. The boss is in charge and tells the employees the do’s and don’ts in their jobs. Remember your view is malleable and should change as a result of the interaction. 8. It is admitted that, working in groups has many benefits. Posted on March 1, 2016 by Ceren Cubukcu. Comments (0) Add to wishlist Delete from wishlist. The amount of group cohesiveness is determined by a lot of factors. Working in a team also has few disadvantages, which are usually hard to see them in our everyday work. Moreover, we can manage our time and resources better when we work by ourselves. In this essay various aspects of working in a group vs. working individually will be discussed. If your presentation is for business in general, you might attempt to keep both sides fairly balanced. I found that it is easier to work with students individually than it is to work with students in a group. Each person in a dependent-level work group has his or her own job and works under the close supervision of the boss. These folks typically enjoy working in groups. Compare and Contrast- Group Work vs. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. When we have situations where the group consists of only leaders then their team might just not work at all. Any good decision should be made based on understanding the pros and cons involved. Additionally, individual learning requires students to manage their time, which some students may not handle well. By convention all conflicts are not counter productive. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. You must have contemplated doing it by many ways. Let’s discuss how working in a group can enrich you individually as a person, while still being a part of the group. And all the group theories professes that when individual persons share common activities, they get interactions among them and will develop either positive or negative attitudes towards each other. Extroverts with engaging personalities gain energy the more they interact with others. All work is written to order. The Social interaction is a very common and natural human behaviour. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Group work is great for improving your critical thinking skills and making you a sharper thinker. Higher cohesiveness results in individual pressure on one another to abide to a common conclusion while making decisions, which will lead to a careless judgments and unrealistic appraisals of alternatives (Revenson 2005). Group dynamics basically deals with why and how groups are formed and developed. 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