Its name comes from the partial webs between its toes. Two to four eggs are laid by early to mid-April, and incubation commences even though snow covers the ground and night-time temperatures drop well below freezing. This ridge can be used by researchers to differentiate one narwhal from another. 8,470 Views. The distance the hawk will chase varies somewhat with circumstances, but generally the two smaller species seldom pursue a quarry for more than 100 m. The Northern Goshawk, a swifter and more persistent hunter, will press its attack on birds such as Ruffed Grouse, ptarmigan, and pheasant for as much as 1 km, particularly if the flight course is across open ground. Great info-vid on working falcons and hawks! ), smooth and black. Both terms are from the Latin: Bonasa means good when roasted and umbellus, a sunshade. Sharp-shinned Hawk, Cooper's Hawk, and Northern Goshawk, Anatomy of the Giant Pacific Octopus' head, Common Raven showing its hackles and large beak, North American Lobster Showing Its Different claws, Sharp-shinned Hawk, Cooper's Hawk, and Northern Goshawk Audio, Northern Giant Pacific Octopus (30 seconds), Northern Giant Pacific Octopus (15 seconds), Boreal Chorus Frog (left), Western Chorus Frog (right), fly in a direct, purposeful way just at or a little below tree-top level, with four or five quick, sharp wingbeats followed by a short glide, are among the most secretive of birds in their nesting activities, and their nests are seldom found, spend time as "branchers" before learning to fly, living in trees around the nest and still receiving food from the adults, are considered by many people to be destructive to songbird populations, but are actually of great service to their prey species. Hawk & Hen, Vancouver Island: See 74 unbiased reviews of Hawk & Hen, rated 4 of 5 on Tripadvisor. It may come to land to flee from predators if needed, but the rest of its time is spent in the ocean. Considering its weight, it’s fairly short, giving it a stocky, rotund appearance. Loss of habitat for breeding hawks and for their prey has accelerated in recent years as people cleared more forested areas for agriculture, suburban developments, and industrial uses. There are distinguishing characteristics—for example, the shape of the tail is square for the Sharp-shinned Hawk, rounded for the Cooper’s Hawk, and almost square for the Northern Goshawk—but identification is difficult. Manitoba Hydro posted a video to playlist Cool Stuff to Watch. Under the whale’s skin, a blubber layer of sometimes more than 30 centimetres thick helps it to stay warm in the cold water and store energy. The table below lists the 14 families of marine birds and the approximate number of species in each (the exact number of species is continually being revised as genetic research reveals that some very similar-looking birds are so different in their genetic makeup that they constitute different species). While females may be a bit smaller, both sexes are very similar. Find us at 3025 Comox Road, Courtenay BC. Their smooth (although a bit granular) skin varies in colour from green-grey to brownish. Indeed, turtles have an impressively long life for such small animals. At close range, a small yellow mark at the base of the bill, close to the eye, can be seen on the Tundra Swan. Contact E-Fauna BC July 1, 2013 Area Covered This is a list of all known, published and unpublished records of casual and accidental species that have been reported on and around Vancouver Island. Vancouver Island is in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, and part of the Canadian province of British Columbia.The island is 456 km (283 mi) in length, 100 km (62 mi) in width at its widest point, and 32,134 km 2 (12,407 sq mi) in area. west of Tofino. Discovery Islands, Gulf Islands, Sunshine Coast, Vancouver Island. Also, the Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina) has either such a small population that it is nearly Extirpated, or the few individuals found in Canada are actually pets released in the wild. 1974. Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com. All accipiters generally have similar colouring, small heads, long tails, and short rounded wings. Both have similar lifecycles but different distributions in freshwater systems except in Iceland, where both (and hybrids of both species) can be found. Its breeding range extends southward only where high mountains and the associated cool coniferous forests provide conditions similar to those of the northern spruce forests. Prior to 1989, all Canadian chorus frogs were considered to be one species, as they are very similar – it’s even hard for scientists to differentiate them! In all three species the colour of the young birds differs strikingly from that of the adults. Juvenile hawks resemble adult ones except for their tail color which is brown with dark bars. VICTORIA — Tiny songbirds are dying on Vancouver Island and other parts of the province from a salmonella outbreak linked to bird feeders and baths. Other identifying characteristics include body colour and the number and type of teeth. I am the owner of gohiking.ca. There are seven species of swans in the world. Finally, the Red-eared Slider (Trachemys scripta elegans), has been introduced to Canada as released pets and, thus, is not a native species. Population ecology of raptors. Manitoba Hydro posted a video to playlist Cool Stuff to Watch. The octopus is soft-bodied, but it has a very small shell made of two plates in its head and a powerful, parrot-like beak. On its head, the lobster has eyes that are very sensitive to movement and light, which help it to spot predators and prey, but are unable to see colours and clear images. Common Yard Birds on Eastern Vancouver Island. The echolocation calls they make, similar to clicking noises, bounce off objects and this echo is processed by the bat to get the information they need. The Cooper’s Hawk returns to its traditional nesting area of tall, mature trees in mid-April to early May. The largest estuary is formed by the Fraser River … Article content. It can weigh up to 63,500 kilograms and measure up to 16 metres. Godfrey, W.E. “Vancouver Island is a funnel for raptors,” says Nightingale about her favourite migration. A raven may live up to 21 years in the wild, making it one of the species with the longest lifespan in all passerine birds. Indeed, there are indications that the tusks are used by male narwhals for fighting each other or perhaps other species, like the beluga or killer whale. It’s … Bewick’s Wren. This group is primarily for displaying/sharing photos of wild birds that have been photographed in British Columbia. The nest is a relatively enormous platform, almost 60 cm across, hidden in the low side-limbs of a conifer only 3 to 6 m from the ground. Some of the more common sea-faring ducks you might see on and around Vancouver Island include the Harlequin Duck, Eiders, Scoters, the Long-tailed Duck, Goldeneyes, and Mergansers. In contrast, the wings of another group of hawks, the falcons, such as the Kestrel or Sparrow Hawk Falco sparverius, are pointed. Immature males resemble adult females, and immature females are heavily barred and may appear dark grey when seen from a distance. At that moment the hawk puts on a tremendous burst of speed to close the gap and makes a strike before the quarry reaches cover. In the east, Northern Goshawks rarely occur south of the 45th parallel during the breeding season; in the west they reach their southern limit in the mountains of northern Mexico at elevations above 3 000 m. The species is not truly migratory, for many adults winter as far north as the species breeds. The American Lobster (Homarus americanus) is a marine invertebrate which inhabits our Atlantic coastal waters. I am an artist, writer, amateur entomologist and wilderness guide. l have spent my life in the outdoors.  Most days you can find me hiking on Vancouver Island. 8,470 Views. The Atlantic Cod may live as long as 25 years. The Ruffed Grouse is only distantly related to the Gray Partridge, which is a bird of open areas, not woodlands. When perched, this swallow looks almost conical because of its flat, short head, very short neck and its long body. A more speculative but still effective way of hunting is for the hawk to cruise along the edge of woods, along creeks or rivers, or just below tree-top level in the woods, on the chance of surprising something far enough away from cover to attempt a high-speed dash. Worldwide, there are more than 350 species of birds that live either partially or exclusively at sea, and these are generally known as "seabirds.”. The Right Whale has a bit of an unusual name. The geese start appearing in late February and the last of them come through in early May, peaking in late March. Indeed, getting up close to these birds while the knowledgeable and charismatic staff told the crowd about the vital role these birds play in our world was a once-in-a-lifetime experience. Freshwater turtles are reptiles, like snakes, crocodilians and lizards. Beebe, F.L. No one knows whether they do this to camouflage themselves or whether they are merely keeping insects away or staying cool. They are also primarily bird hunters, especially the Sharp-shinned and Cooper’s hawks. Bird watchers appreciate the diversity of birds found in both the urban wilderness areas of Canada's western most province. Its back and tail plumage is a distinctive steely, iridescent blue, with light brown or rust belly and a chestnut-coloured throat and forehead. The range of these three North American hawks covers all of North America, from the tree line south. Learn how your comment data is processed. Are you hungry, we are open for business: 11 am to 7 pm. A Major, New, Free Online Publication. Their long forked tail and pointed wings also make them easily recognizable. There is no such mark on the Trumpeter Swan. Birds of Vancouver Island - A Photographic Journey by Glenn Bartley These brief reflections represent but a few of my memories of the beautiful birds of Vancouver Island. Sights and sounds: Like all swallows, the Barn Swallow is diurnal –it is active during the day, from dusk to dawn. With over 350 species known to have been found on the island there are always new birds to discover and enjoy. The Red Tailed Hawk is one of my favorite hawks to watch. They also have small pelvic fins right under their gills, and barbels (or whiskers) on their chins. The Northern Goshawk has the heaviest sound, kak, kak, kak or kuk, kuk, kuk. Adults moult their flight feathers (wings and tail) gradually—retaining the ability to fly at all times—and only once per year, usually in the non-breeding area. The goshawk’s speed and agility make avoidance of its attack almost impossible. The male weighs on average 7.5 kg and can measure 1.3 m from bill to tail. A newborn calf is about 1.6 m long and weighs about 80 kilograms. Ducks and grebes that feed at sea are not included. Its tail, also called flukes or caudal fins, is broad (six m wide from tip to tip! Male and female red-tailed hawks look alike although females are usually 1/3 larger than male hawks. There are about 39 species of lamprey currently described plus some additional landlocked populations and varieties. Its body is divided in two parts: the cephalothorax (its head and body) and its abdomen, or tail. Instead, it has both guard hairs and a warm undercoat that trap bubbles of air to help insulate it. The Pacific Cod and Alaska Pollock also have three rounded dorsal fins and two anal fins. The Brant uses Vancouver Island as a stopover on the way to Alaska and the Canadian arctic from California and Mexico. American Robin. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. But, most prey do detect the gliding hawk and take flight or scurry for cover. Illustrated Keys to the Identification of the Birds of Prey of British Columbia Author: Turnbull Subject: Illustrated Keys to the Identification of the Birds of Prey of British Columbia Keywords: illustrated, key, identification, birds, prey, british, columbia … The colour of an Atlantic Cod is often darker on its top than on its belly, which is silver, white or cream-coloured. Unlike other cetaceans –the order which comprises all whales–, narwhals have convex tail flukes, or tail fins. Incubation, or keeping the eggs warm until they hatch, is done mainly by the female. The four volumes of The Birds of British Columbia provide unprecedented coverage of this region’s birds, presenting a wealth of information on the ornithological history, habitat, breeding habits, migratory movements, seasonality, and distribution patterns of each of the 472 species of birds… Birds of Vancouver Island - A Photographic Journey by Glenn Bartley These brief reflections represent but a few of my memories of the beautiful birds of Vancouver Island. At the same time, as I look around Vancouver Island, I am noticing many licence plates from Alberta and Saskatchewan as well as cars from other parts of BC. Many of these are based on morphometrics or measurements, of or between various body parts like width of the eye or, distance between the eye and the snout. Gray-crowned Rosy-finch at Clover Point, … Signs and sounds Although very similar in appearance, the Trumpeter Swan and the Tundra Swan have quite different voices. All Canadian freshwater turtles can retreat in their shells and hide their entire body except the Common Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina). Hardcopies are available at our evening presentations and locally at Wild Birds Unlimited, the Swan Lake Nature Centre, the Goldstream Nature House, and the Victorian Bird House. Sign in to join mission. The Giant Pacific Octopus is the largest species of octopus in the world. It presents accounts of all of the species thus far recorded as occurring there – 360 in total – and updates the 231 species recorded up to 1978. Once the prey is spotted, the hawk quietly launches itself into the air, dives straight down for a few metres to pick up air speed, then flattens out and glides straight towards its quarry. It is easily recognizable because of its size (between 54 and 67 centimetres long, with a wingspan of 115 to 150 cm, and weighing between 0.69 and two kilograms) and its black plumage with purple or violet lustre. The birds of Canada. Their tail molts becoming red during their second year. The Cooper’s Hawk nests primarily in deciduous woodlands. Thanks to everyone who contributes to this mission! Digital and hardcopy versions of the latest Checklist of Birds: Victoria & Southeastern Vancouver Island are available. The female lays up to six eggs but seldom raises more than four young each season. It’s also the only member of its family that doesn’t need land at all; it’s completely adapted to life in the water. A field guide to the hawks of North America. Its a site my boys (Robert and Forrest) and I are building to showcase the wonders of the pacific northwest.Â. The Phalaropes are the only shorebirds that feed at sea. The remaining pair, at the front of the cephalothorax, are called chelipeds and each of those limbs ends with a claw. The call is pitched lower than a whistle and more closely resembles a blowing or tearing sound. Adult coho salmon have silvery sides and metallic blue backs with irregular black spots. As its name suggests, the Northern Goshawk is a true northerner. It has a worm or eel-like shape with two distinct dorsal fins and a small tail. North Central. For example, these teeth are called inner laterals. The Common Raven is often mistaken for an American Crow in southern Canada and the United States. Additional food chain contamination also occurs from spraying programs conducted years ago, as residues recycle in our local environment, from soil to insect to predator. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) Fischadler 1 at Cowichan Bay on the 17th, 1 at Reifel Bird Sanctuary on the 27th, and 1 at? The size of an adult raven may also vary according to its habitat, as subspecies from colder areas are often larger. Vancouver Island Checklist Area (or in other words extinct in the local region). Rare Birds of Vancouver Island: Compiled by Rick Toochin, Paul Levesque and Jamie Fenneman Comments? Red-Tailed Hawk, Vancouver Island, BC, Photo By Bud Logan. These noises are at a very high frequency, and so cannot be heard by humans. It is an agile flyer that creates very acrobatic patterns in flight. The Northern Giant Pacific Octopus (Enteroctopus dofleini) is a large cephalopod mollusk, which means it’s related to gastropods (snails and slugs) and bivalves (clams and oysters). This shell, composed of a carapace in the back and a plastron on the belly, is made of bony plates. “They are so big and there are so many of them, you don’t even need binoculars.” Families of birds in which all species feed either entirely of partially at sea and the approximate number of species in each family appear below (from https://www.worldbirdnames.org/ioc-lists/master-list/). One of the heaviest of North American owls, the Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus stands nearly half a metre tall, with a wingspan of almost 1.5 m. As is the case with most diurnal birds of prey—those that are active during the day—the female is larger and heavier than the male. Along with its namesake Iris, the adult males have a dark head with a greenish gloss and a circular white patch below the eye, a dark back and a white neck and belly. Although the average lifespan of a Barn Swallow is about four years, a North American individual older than eight years and a European individual older than 16 years have been observed. But its life-cycle is exactly the reverse of salmon’s: the eel is a catadromous species. Part I. Dover, New York. Feeds on insects and spiders. With the visual learner in mind, this book features high quality photographs and descriptions of over 235 birds seen every year or almost every year on Vancouver Island. It has also earned the nickname “Whistler”, for being fast in flight. See more ideas about Vancouver island, Vancouver, Species. Please share your unidentified wild bird sightings on Vancouver Island! Unlike the chicken, the grouse has a broad flat tail that is usually held down but that may be erected and spread into a half circle. There are several characteristics which are normally used to identify lamprey. The Sharp-shinned Hawk follows the migration of the sparrows, finches, and warblers into the northern forests in summer and back to the subtropics in winter. Its tail is broad with a distinctive rusty red color and usually has a black bar on the end. Submit nice detailed hawk pictures. As part of a temperate rainforest, Vancouver Island is the ideal nesting place for over 440 different species of rare and native birds, including swans, geese, ducks, teals, quails, eagles, and more, as well as visiting species that enjoy the local climate. The Tundra Swan’s former name “whistling swan” referred to the sound made by the slow, powerful beating of the wings in flight, and not to the voice of the bird. Its skin is otherwise smooth and black, but some individuals have white patches on their bellies and chin. These whales have a mottled black and white, grey or brownish back, but the rest of the body (mainly its underside) is white. They range in size from the small male Sharp-shinned Hawk, which is smaller than a gull, to the large female Northern Goshawk, which at 55 to 66 cm is larger than a crow. Some distinguishing characteristics of this species are the large mouth, called and oral disc and a large eye. Incubation lasts for 30 to 35 days, and fledging, or first flight, occurs in another 23 to 27 days. The Red Tailed Hawk is the largest of hawks weighing an average of 1 to 2 kilos and reaching up to 65 cm in length. The island is 460 kilometres (290 mi) in length, 100 kilometres (62 mi) in width at its widest point, and 32,134 km2 (12,407 sq mi) in area. This line is actually a sensory organ that helps fish detect vibrations in the water. The Cooper’s Hawk is intermediate in size; the male Cooper’s is easily confused with the female Sharp-shinned Hawk, and the female Cooper’s Hawk is almost as large as the male Northern Goshawk. Greys are in the majority in the central parts of the continent, and on the west coast most grouse are reddish brown. Females tend to be a bit larger than males – measuring, on average, one metre longer. Insects are also invertebrates, but mollusks differ from insects in that they don’t have an exoskeleton. Wheeler. Accipiters are small to medium-sized hawks of swift flight that occur around the world. Until the young leave, the adult goshawks are aggressive and strike intruders as far as 1 km from the nest. Cod are often mottled, or have a lot of darker blotches or spots. A dense layer of down, overlaid with thick feathering, insulates the Snowy Owl’s entire body, including the legs and toes, and enables the bird to maintain a body temperature of 38 to 40°C, even when the air temperature reaches -50°C. The Sharp-shinned Hawk’s voice is similar to the Cooper’s Hawk … During the spring breeding season, the Cooper’s Hawk accompanies its aerial display by vocalizations, interspersed with nest repair or building. Adult females have a brown head and a mostly grey body. They want to make the general public aware that these birds are so much more than just predators. In Canada, eight native species of freshwater turtles (and four species of marine turtles) can be observed. The Cooper’s Hawk could best be described as a reluctant migrant. It has a dark brown crown, cheeks, back, and wings. In Indigenous languages, like Mi’kmaq, it is known as k’at or g’at, the Algonquins call it pimzi or pimizi, in Ojibwe bimizi, in Cree Kinebikoinkosew and the Seneca call it goda:noh. That’s almost the same size as the Blue Whale’s tail, even though Right Whales are just over half their size. The Cooper’s Hawk is slightly lighter, a rapid kek, kek, kek, usually around the nest. As a breeding bird, the Sharp-shinned Hawk favours the boreal, or northernmost forest in the Northern Hemisphere. A local group of biologists and falconers created the centre in hopes to bring people closer to birds of prey. It has a white neck, chest, and belly, and has heavy brown markings on the lower chest and flanks. Thus, the length of the tusk may indicate social rank through dominance hierarchies and assist in competition for access to females. When he is in display before the female, these are erected and surround his head almost like an umbrella. The nest is usually situated in a three-way fork anywhere from 6 to 20 m from the ground. A high quantity of tubules and nerve endings in the pulp –the soft tissue inside teeth – of the tusk have at least one scientist thinking that it could be a highly sensitive sensory organ, able to detect subtle changes in temperature, salinity or pressure. Red tailed hawk nests are usually found at the top of our tallest old-growth trees. The ultimate bestselling field guide to birds of the Pacific Northwest bioregion, now fully revised in its Second Edition! There are, however, some fairly well-defined movements of Northern Goshawks, particularly east of the Rocky Mountains. They are two of our smallest frogs, but best ways to tell them apart from other frogs is by the three dark stripes down their backs, which can be broken into blotches, by their white upper lip, and by the dark line that runs through each eye. It measures between 15 and 18 centimeters (cm) in length and 29 to 32 cm in wingspan, and weighs between 15 and 20 grams (g). Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 1 talking about this. Like other reptiles, they are ectothermic, or “cold-blooded”, meaning that their internal temperature matches that of their surroundings. The claw used for crushing can be on the lobster’s right or left side, making it “right-handed” or “left-handed”. These seven gill pores are located one after another behind the eye. Although it leaves the northern portions of its breeding range in winter, it spends the non-breeding season farther north than most Sharp-shinned Hawks. This much-awaited final volume of The Birds of British Columbia completes what some have called one of the most important regional ornithological works in North America. Females tend to be slightly larger than males but are otherwise identical. The Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) is a medium to large saltwater fish: generally averaging two to three kilograms in weight and about 65 to 100 centimetres in length, the largest cod on record weighed about 100 kg and was more than 180 cm long! In the adults, the upper surfaces from the nape to the tail, including the wings, are pale slate to bluish grey. These antennae are able to smell the water to locate prey and touch elements in the lobster’s environment so it can find its way. It doesn’t matter if you’re a gung-ho, out-in-the-field birdwatcher or if you enjoy winged friends from the serenity of your back porch, Birds of … Continued The males have a downturned tail and no fleshy folds. Media in category "Birds of British Columbia" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 234 total. It is the common forest and bush-country hawk of the mid-latitudes. The Birds of Vancouver Island’s West Coast is the essential guide to the region’s birds. Although most uses of these persistent insecticides have been banned in Canada and the United States, the insecticides are still used in some Central and South American countries. The narwhal has a deep layer of fat, or blubber, about 10 cm thick, which forms about one-third of the animal’s weight and acts as insulation in the cold Arctic waters. Their cries are different: the raven produces a low croaking sound, while the crow has a higher pitched cawing cry. Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $9.91 — $9.91: Paperback "Please retry" $29.99 . Also like many reptile species, turtles lay eggs (they are oviparous). It can fly from very close to the ground or water to more than 30 m heights. The lobster’s legs are also found on the cephalothorax. There are about 320 species of turtles throughout the world, inhabiting a great variety of terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems on every continent except Antarctica and its waters. His beautiful photographs capture and hold still those fleeting moments birders live for.” Phone/Fax: 604-946-6980 International Significance of the Fraser River Estuary A Pacific estuary, one of the richest types of ecosystems in the world British Columbia's estuaries are among the richest in the world. Birds of British Columbia Specialties 459 species in 46 families Steller’s jay Crested mynah (Vancouver)*See below* Spotted towhee Red-breasted … Excited by the activity, the family set up their own feeder, and over the course of a few very calm and patient years, her daughter Maisie acclimated the small birds to her presence. The Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) is a medium-sized songbird, about the size of a sparrow. Goshawks, especially through their infrequent invasions of the mid-continent, were once believed a serious menace to introduced game birds such as Gray Partridge and pheasant. (previous page) () The Pacific (Black) Brant Goose is well known on Vancouver Island as there is a festival named after it. It was a great family and kids activity. It is thought that the absence of dorsal fin actually helps the narwhal navigate among sea ice. In fact, at certain times and places, mammals make up over half its food supply. The North Atlantic Right Whale (Eubalæna glacialis) is one of the rarest of the large whales. The male Ruffed Grouse is about the size of a bantam chicken and weighs about 500 g. The females are smaller. The display starts with both hawks soaring in circles at great heights. Narwhals have not been observed using their tusk to break sea ice, despite popular belief. Good places to bird watch: South Island: Sidney Spit. Around its mouth are small appendages called maxillipeds and mandibles which help direct food to the mouth and chew. From offshore pelagics to high alpine plateau, from temperate rainforests to pocket deserts, from coastal cliffs to rolling prairie, British Columbia has it all. The goshawk is similarly crossbarred below with grey, but these markings are so fine and so closely spaced as to appear a uniform pale grey at any distance. The accipiters are birds of prey, which means they eat flesh. British Columbia has one of the richest assemblages of bird species in the world. These design features all reflect the lifestyle for which the birds are adapted—long legs for wading in water or on mudflats or marshes, the long bill for searching for tiny animal and insect prey by probing into Arctic tundra or a variety of substrates, and long wings and a streamlined body for swift flight over long distances. As they grow older, they will progressively become paler again. They also like to eat birds, reptiles, insects, and crayfish. They also have a scaly skin, enabling them, as opposed to most amphibians, to live outside of water. The crown, face and neck are buff with fine brown streaks. Although it is true that they sharply reduce the populations of these species, they do so far more selectively than hunters with shotguns. In British Columbia, however, some individuals spend the non-breeding season in the interior and along the southern coast. Here an aerial display, accompanied by vocalizations, is interspersed with nest repair or building. This long, spiral upper incisor tooth (one of the two teeth narwhals have) grows out from the animal’s upper jaw, and can measure up to 3 m and weigh up to 10 kg. Their body is round with a clear tail. Its head makes up about a fourth of its body length, and its mouth is characterized by its arched, or highly curved, jaw. Over the past four years I have spent as much time as possible out in nature finding and photographing birds. 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