And it regularly organises awareness-raising events for EU law enforcement officers so as to enhance their knowledge of its services, and thus help their international cases. The sovereignty and power of the EU do not clash with that of member states; on the contrary, … The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €37.124 billion, as per 2015. Lithuania is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 65,286 km², and population number 2,921,262, as per 2015. Response to the terrorist threat and recent terrorist attacks in Europe (background information) The Maltese comprise 0.1% of the total EU population. Bulgaria and Romania have already finished accession negotiations and will join on 1 January 2007. Portugal is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Germany’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. It consists of the heads of state or government of the member states, together with its President and the President of the Commission. The political system is a parliamentary republic. FI - Finland 11. Slovakia’s currency is € (Euro) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2009. If the Commission’s opinion is positive, the Council must then agree upon a negotiating mandate. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €207.220 billion, as per 2015. The political divisions, during the 2000s, between the east and west Europe finally healed and 10 more new countries joined the EU in 2004, followed by Bulgaria and Romania which joined in 2007. Counter terrorism and radicalisation. EE - Estonia 9. Visa for Cultural / Sports / Religious Event, United Kingdom (left EU on January 31, 2020). Hungary is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €1.636 trillion, as per 2015. Greece is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1981 with its geographic size of 131,957 km², and population number 10,858,018, as per 2015. The list includes the Convention of 26 May 1997, drawn up on the basis of Article K.3(2)(c) of the Treaty on European Union, on the fight against corruption involving officials of the European Communities or officials of Member States of the European Union. In the 2000s, the euro became the new currency for many Europeans, and during the following decade, more countries adopted the euro (€). Its capital is Madrid. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €38.543 billion, as per 2015. We also work with many non-EU partner states and international organisations. Its capital is Dublin and the official languages in Ireland are Irish and English. The political system is a semi-presidential republic. In 2013, Croatia became the 28th member to enter the EU. Slovakia is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 49,035 km², and population number 5,421,349, as per 2015. Finland is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 25, 2001. Austria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €337.162 billion, as per 2015. Slovaks comprise 2.2% of the total EU population. Portugal is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1986 with its geographic size of 92,226 km², and population number 10,374,822, as per 2015. The European Council is the EU institution that defines the general political direction and priorities of the European Union. Later, in 1986 the Single European Act was signed, which also created the ‘Single Market’. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €444.235 billion, as per 2015. Its currency is the Danish Krone (DKK). Spain is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Negotiations are then formally opened on a subject-by-subject basis. Belgians comprise 2.2% of the total EU population. Recent actions in this area include: 1. strengthened rules to prevent new forms of terrorism 2. reinforced checks at external borders 3. enhanced firearms controls 4. creating a dedicated body to curb terrorist propaganda online 1. Despite being within the EU territories, Albania is not part of the European Union. IT - Italy 18. This means that every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and democratically by all EU member countries. It has been engaged extensively with EU institutions like NATO. Austria is also a member of the Schengen Area since December 1, 2007. EU countries are those European countries which are a part of the European Union and have signed the treaties of the European Union. FR - France 12. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €78.071 billion, as per 2015. Hungary’s currency is Hungarian Forint (HUG). In 1957, the Treaty of Rome created the European Economic Community (EEC) or the ‘Common Market’. The Danish comprise 1.1% of the total EU population. The Dutch comprise 3.3% of the total EU population. Its currency is € (Euro), from Belgium became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. The latest to join are Estonia, which signed the Accession to the ESA Convention on 4 February 2015, to become the 21st Member State, and Hungary, which signed on 24 February 2015, to become the 22nd Member State. Romania holds 32 seats in the European Parliament and will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2019. In addition to the current twenty-five member states, a number of other European states will join the European Union in the next two decades. Common position 2001/931/CFSP lays down the criteria for listing persons, groups and entities. Each member state is party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby shares in the privileges and obligations of membership. Malta is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 315 km², and population number 429,334, as per 2015. Estonia is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. Hungary holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2011. From an original membership of six states, there have been five successive enlargements. The European Union is based on the rule of law. The population of the EU is 510,056,011 (2016 estimate) covering 7.3% of the world population. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €160.353 billion, as per 2015. Its capital is Athens and the official language is Greek. Poland is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Poland’s currency is the Polish Zloty (PLN). The Euro currency emerged from the 1992 Maastricht Treaty. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €17,421 billion, as per 2015. Romania is a member country of the EU since January 1, 2007 with its geographic size of 238,391 km², and population number 19,870,647, as per 2015.The Romanians comprise 3.9% of the total EU population. ** Potential candidate countries that do not yet fulfil the requirements for EU membership. Germany is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Every member state is part of the founding treaties of the union and is subjected to binding laws within the common legislative and judicial institutions. Belgium is also a member state of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Austria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €337.162 billion, as per 2015. The Irish comprise 0.9% of the total EU population. Latvians comprise 0.4% of the total EU population. Its capital is Ljubljana and the official language is Slovenian. The European Union aims to be an area of freedom, security and justice, without internal frontiers. 1. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €163,947 billion, as per 2015. These conditions are known as the ‘Copenhagen criteria’ and include a free-market economy, a stable democracy and the rule of law, and the acceptance of all EU legislation, including of the euro. Its capital is Stockholm and the official language is Swedish. Portugal’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Bulgaria holds 17 seats in the European Parliament and will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2018. Malta is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. Latvia holds 8 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2015. Denmark is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 25, 2001. Sweden holds 20 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU twice, in 2001 and 2009. The French comprise 13.1% of the total EU population. HU - Hungary 16. Spain’s currency is Euro (€) and became a member of the Eurozone since January 1, 1999. Croatia holds 11 seats in the European Parliament and will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in the first half of 2020. Finland is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1995 with its geographic size of 338,440 km², and population number 5,471,753, as per 2015. Hungary is a member country of the Schengen Area since December21, 2007. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €108.748 billion, as per 2015. In 1993, the ‘Single Market’ was completed with the four freedoms: The 1990s were also a decade of treaties: the ‘Maastricht’ Treaty on the European Union in 1993 and the treaty of Amsterdam in 1999. The Netherlands is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 41,542 km², and population number 16,900,726, as per 2015. Italy is a member country of the Schengen Area since October 26, 1997. Austria is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1995 with its geographic size of 83,879 km², and population number 8,576,234, as per 2015. Cypriots comprise 0.2% of the total EU population. France is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 633,187 km², and population number 66,415,161, as per 2015. The European Union (EU) is a group of 28 nations in Europe, formed in the aftermath of World War II.The first batch of countries joined in 1957, including Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands.In 1973, Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom joined. Romania is not a member country of the Schengen Area. France’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Austria holds 18 seats in the European Parliament, while it held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU twice, once in 1998 and in 2006. Slovenia is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 20,273 km², and population number 2,062,874, as per 2015. Yes. The European Union at 12, rather than at six, was quite different from the initial six-member union, and in light of the numerous achievements, the European Union attracted a new set of well-off countries who, until then, belonged to a competing, yet looser forms of integration, the so-called European Free Trade Area, that still exists today. The Estonians comprise 0.3% of the total EU population. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The EEA includes all EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. Czechs comprise 2.1% of the total EU population. All Rights Reserved. Croatia’s currency is Croatian Kuna HRK. Malta holds 6 seats in the European Parliament and will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in 2017. In June 2016, the United Kingdom held a referendum, letting the people decide whether they want to leave or remain in the European Union, after a few years of political debate on the topic. Spain is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1986. The political system is a Federal Parliamentary Republic and its currency is the Euro (€), sinc… The Germans comprise 16% of the total EU population. In 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community began the uniting of European countries economically and politically to gain lasting peace. The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The European Union’s aim back in the days was to end the frequent bloody wars between neighbour states that culminated in the Second World War. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €179.379 billion, as per 2015. Schengen countries are those European countries which have signed the Schengen Agreement. Belgium is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 30,528 km², and population number 11,258,434, as per 2015. Its capital is Bucharest and the official language is Romanian. Since June 2014 it has been an official candidate for European Union accession. Its capital is Warsaw and the official language is Polish. Over time, more and more countries decided to join. The Spanish comprise 9.1% of the total EU population. In particular, these rules ensure that banks take measured risks and that a bank that errs pays for its losses and faces the possibility of closure while minimising the cost to the taxpayer. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union, consisting of 27 member states that are subject to the obligations and the privileges of the membership. In the second column, the country names must always appear in English. themillenniumreport.com/2017/06/the-member-nations-of-the-european-union Candidate countries on the road to EU membership: Potential candidates to become EU member states: The continental territories of the member states of the European Union (European Communities pre-1993), animated in order of accession. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €2.184trillion, as per 2015. EU Countries List – Member States of The European Union. Lithuanians comprise 0.6% of the total EU population. It is a regional trade organization and free trade area consisting of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. The European Union (EU) consists of 27 member states. BE - Belgium 3. Since 1985, it has gradually grown and encompasses today almost all EU countries and a few associated non-EU countries. Therefore, the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force in 2009, providing the EU with modern institutions and more efficient working methods. Croatia is not a member country of the Schengen Area. Click Here for Items Related To - List Of European Union Member States By Unemployment Rate This is list of European Union member states by unemployment and employment rate. Any country that satisfies the conditions for membership can apply. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €214.623 billion, as per 2015. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €43,897 billion, as per 2015. Gradually, more countries decided to join. ES - Spain 10. LV - Latvia 21. European Council President Charles Michel issued a statement applauding the deal, but also noting that the 27 member states must still give their assent. Each member state is party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby shares in the privileges and obligations of membership. Luxembourgers comprise 0.1% of the total EU population. 2-11). Estonia is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 45,227 km², and population number 1,313,271, as per 2015. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Latvia is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 64,573 km², and population number 1,986,096, as per 2015. Cyprus is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 9,251 km², and population number 847,008, as per 2015. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €8.796 billion, as per 2015. The candidates are supported financially, administratively and technically during this pre-accession period. While having abolished their internal borders, Schengen States have also tightened controls at their common external border on the basis of Schengen rules to ensure the security of those living or travelling in the Schengen Area. The political system in Belgium is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Greece joined in 1981, followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986 and Austria, Finland and Sweden in 1995. Due to the huge volume of EU rules and regulations each candidate country must adopt as national law, the negotiations take time to complete. The Polish comprise 7.5% of the total EU population. The most common place where you will encounter abbreviations in the European Union (EU) is with the names of the countries themselves. The official language in Spain is Spanish. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Estonia’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2011. The Portuguese comprise 2% of the total EU population. The political system is  a semi-presidential republic. This brought a good period for the economy, as the EU countries stopped charging customs duties when trading with each other. Its capital is Berlin and the official language is German. In 1995, the EU further enlarged with three more members joining: Austria, Finland, and Sweden. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone.Which countries use the euro? The Swedes comprise 1.9% of the total EU population. Headquartered in The Hague, the Netherlands, we assist the 28 EU Member States in their fight against serious international crime and terrorism. The largest happened on 1 May 2004, when ten member states joined. Belgium holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1958 and 2010. Malta’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 2008. LT - Lithuania 19. The political system is a presidential republic. The EU adopted a comprehensive approach to tackle the issues of foreign fighters and home-grown terrorism. During the 1990s, a small village in Luxembourg gave its name to the ‘Schengen’ agreements that would gradually allow people to travel without having their passports checked at the borders within the area. The Commission wants to build a European Union area of justice, which will make it easier for citizens to exercise their rights and allow businesses to make full use of the EU single market. MAIN DOCUMENTS Convention drawn up on the basis of Article K.3 (2) (c) of the Treaty on European Union on the fight against corruption involving officials of the European Communities or officials of Member States of the European Union (OJ C 195, 25.6.1997, pp. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The euro (€) is the official currency of 19 out of 28 EU countries. Once an applicant country meets the conditions for membership, it must implement EU rules and regulations in all areas. Poland holds 51 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2011. The Netherlands holds 26 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1960 and 2016. When European countries started to cooperate economically in 1951, only Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands participated. The last to join is Croatia – in 2013. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €44,162 billion, as per 2015. Its capital is Riga and the official language is Latvian. It identifies the actions that constitute terrorist acts for these purposes, and defines the restrictive measures to be applied. Eurozone is comprised of 19 member states out of the 28 states that constitute the European Union. Covid-19 and European solidarity: The fight for who we are. The political system is a parliamentary republic. Without prejudice to the rules on cross-border cooperation and mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, the Member States, Eurojust, the European Public Prosecutor's Office and the Commission shall, within their respective competences, cooperate with each other in the fight against the criminal offences referred to in Articles 3, 4 and 5. 19 member states in the EU use the Euro as their currency. The Schengen Area is one of the greatest achievements of the EU. Presently the increase of religious extremism in the Middle East, as well as in various other countries and regions around the world, has lead to wars and turmoil, which has pushed many people to flee their home countries and seek refuge in Europe. The EU has recently found itself as the target of several terrorist attacks while facing the dilemma of how to take care of the refugees. Its capital is Luxembourg and the official languages in Luxembourg are French and German. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €3.026 trillion, as per 2015. Member states must agree unanimously for the EU to adopt some policies; for others, coll… The Finnish comprise 1.1% of the total EU population. Italy is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 302,073 km², and population number 60,795,612, as per 2015. Slovenia holds 8 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2008. IE - Ireland 17. Our main goal is to achieve a safer Europe for the benefit of all EU citizens. Its capital is Helsinki and the official languages in Finland are Finnish and Swedish. Its capital is Valletta and the official language is Maltese. In order for the EU to adopt policies that concern defence and foreign affairs, all member states must agree unanimously. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €678,572 billion, as per 2015. None of these countries are part of the European Union, but aside of Switzerland, others are all part of the European Economic Area. Italy holds 73 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1959 and 2014. If the Member States of the European Union are listed together at the head of the table, they must be listed according to protocol order (see Section 7.1.1 first table). The political system is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €24.378 billion, as per 2015. Its capital is Paris and the official language is French. The political system is a federal parliamentary republic. BG - Bulgaria 4. LU - Luxembourg 20. Estonia holds 6 seats in the European Parliament and will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in the first half of 2017. Sweden is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 25, 2001. The Czech Republic holds 21 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2009. Luxembourg is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone. Its currency is the Bulgarian Lev (BGN). Copyright © 2013 - 2020 SchengenVisaInfo.com. Poland is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 612,679 km², and population number 38,005,614, as per 2015. The political system is a parliamentary republic. In 1973, Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom formally decided to join the European Union, becoming nine member states altogether. EU countries and Schengen countries are both European countries. The Banking Union (BU) is an essential complement to the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the internal market, which aligns responsibility for supervision, resolution and funding at EU level and forces banks across the euro area to abide by the same rules. On January 31, 2020, the United Kingdom officially left the European Union, starting the 11-month transition period. France is a member country of the Schengen Area since March 26, 1995. Members of the EMU - Economic and Monetary Union EMU, the European Monetary Union, is an alliance of the 19 European states that belong to the European Union and have introduced a common currency with the euro. The Czech Republic’s currency is the Czech Koruna (CZK). EFTA stands for the European Free Trade Association. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €20.461 billion, as per 2015. Ireland’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Germany holds 96 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 11 times between 1958 and 2007. M a l t a S l o v e n i a L u x e D u t c h D a n e s C z e c h S l o v a k U K P o l e G r e e k I t a l y I r i s h L a t v i a ... About Fight List. The euro (€) is the official currency of 19 out of 27 EU countries. Luxembourg’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. As of 1 January 2017, the population of the EU is about 511.6 million people. Unlike members of other international organisations, the member states of the EU have agreed by treaty to shared sovereignty through the institutions of the European Unionin some (but by no means all) aspects of government. The Union currently counts 27 EU countries. Sweden is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1995 with its geographic size of 438,574 km², and population number 9,747,355, as per 2015. Its capital is Rome and the official language in Italy is Italian. Spain holds 54 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 4 times between 1989 and 2010. Fight List: European Union member states. European countries started to cooperate economically since 1951, when only states such as Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Germany, The Netherlands and Italy participated. The United Kingdom and Denmark sought exemption from the monetary union at the inception of the Eurozone. The Italians comprise 12% of the total EU population. Its capital is Zagreb and the official language in Croatia is Croatian. The Czech Republic is a member country of the Schengen Area since December 21, 2007. The political system is a parliamentary republic. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €427.737 billion, as per 2015. Denmark holds 13 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 7 times between 1973 and 2012. In addition, the EFTA States have added substantive rules and commitments on services, investment and/or public procurement to the agreements as a response on globalization. Its capital is Nicosia and the official language in Cyprus is Greek. Its capital is Lisbon and the official language is Portuguese. The political system is a Federal Parliamentary Republic and its currency is the Euro (€), since Austria became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. France holds 74 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 13 times between 1959 and 2008. Its capital is Vilnius and the official language is Lithuanian. Its capital is Bratislava and the official language is Slovak. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €176.023 billion, as per 2015. Its capital is Vienna and the official language in Austria is German. Greece’s currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the eurozone on January 1, 2001. Sweden’s currency is the Swedish Krona (SEK). For example, if a policy area is not cited in a treaty, the Commission cannot propose a law in that area. Finland holds 13 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU twice, in 1999 and 2006. Luxembourg is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 2,586 km², and population number 562,958, as per 2015. CZ - Czech Republic 6. Romania’s currency is Romanian Leu (RON). The European Union (EU) consists of 27 member states. Luxembourg holds 6 seats in the European Parliament and held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 12 times between 1960 and 2015. Its capital is Budapest and the official language is Hungarian. Slovakia holds 13 seats in the European Parliament and is currently holding the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time. The Czech Republic is a member country of the EU since May 1, 2004 with its geographic size of 78,868 km², and population number 10,538,275, as per 2015. These countries operate as a single state with no border controls required when traveling within the countries, but have the same international border control rules. EU citizens have a right to live in any EU country and can cross borders with ease. Austrians comprise 1.7% of the total EU population. The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 countries. The political system in Slovakia is a parliamentary republic. Countries themselves left EU on January 1, 1999 January 1, 2008 subject-by-subject basis and politically gain... 27 EU countries List – member states in the privileges and obligations of membership internal.! 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